Two revolutions swept through Russia in 1917. These revolutions were instrumental in terminating imperial rule in the nation. They were responsible for the social and political changes that would later lead to the creation of the Soviet Union. In March 1917, social unrest and consistent scarcity in food led to the nation revolting in the form of the Russian Revolution. This forced the abdication of the last Russian Czar- Nicholas II. Just a few months after the Russian Revolution, the Bolsheviks from 1870 to 1924, led by Vladimir Lenin, overthrew the newly installed government.
Shedding light on the actual events
Orlando Figes is an eminent writer and in his works he has shed a lot of light on the Russian Revolution. When it comes to the background of the Russian Revolution, he says that most Russians had lost faith in the leadership abilities of Czar Nicholas II. Corruption was prevalent in the nation, the economy was poor and the Czar dissolved the Duma- the Parliament of Russia when it opposed his will. However, Mr. Figes says that the immediate cause of the Russian Revolution in February- the first phase of the Revolution was Russia’s involvement in the First World War that lasted from 1914 to 1918. When it came to military competence Russia was no match to Germany. The casualties suffered by Russia were far more than the other nations that participated in the war. The economy suffered miserably because of this expensive war and the moderates later joined Russian forces with a mission to overthrow the Czar and end imperial rule.
The period of chaos and conflict
The Russian Revolution was marked with protests between the industrial workers and police when they took to the streets. The irate mobs destroyed police stations and there were many factories that elected deputies to the Petrograd Soviet or Council after a devised model during the revolution of 1905. This took place in the month of February. In March, the troops of the Petrograd army garrison were summoned to quell this uprising. In the aftermath, the regimens opened fire resulting in the death of several demonstrators. However, this event did not stop protestors from hitting the roads. It was on the 11th of March that Nicholas II dissolved the Duma. The Revolution continued and it triumphed when regiments were defeated and the soldiers formed committees that elected new deputies to the Petragrad Soviet.
Orlando Figes in his works says that the imperial government was forced to submit its resignation and the Duma created a provisional government that entered into peace with the Petrograd for controlling the Revolution. On March 14th the Pertograd Soviet issued a Order No 1 that told sailors and soldiers to obey only those orders that did not oppose the directives of the Soviet. It was on the following day that Czar Nicholas II abdicated the throne for his brother Michael. However, Michael refused to accept the crown and this brought an end to the autocracy of the Czar in Russia.